Year: 2018 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Page: 61-70
A REVIEW OF CHARGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR COMMERCIAL ELECTRIC VEHICLES
ÇAĞLA DERİCİOĞLU, EMRAK YİRİK, ERDEM ÜNAL, MEHMET UĞRAŞ CUMA, BURAK ONUR, MEHMET TÜMAY
Electric mobility becomes trending issue than ever in transportation sector. The essential part of electric mobility is the use of electric vehicles. Electric Vehicle (EV) is type of vehicle which primarily powered by an electric motor drawing power from a rechargeable energy storage device. EV receives electricity by plugging into the grid and store it in batteries. EV Charger is an electrical device that converts alternating current energy to regulated direct current for replenishing the energy of an energy storage device (i.e. battery) and may also provide energy for operating other vehicle electrical systems. The energy storage device namely battery is heart of an electric vehicle. Therefore, battery charger plays a very important role in the electric vehicle technology. Electric vehicle battery chargers divided into two types: on-board type (in electric vehicle) and off-board type (at a fixed location).
In this paper, the charging technologies in commercial vehicles, related standards, charging levels and charging modes are described. Also, EV charging sockets are explained clearly. The whole issues about chargers are presented for commercial EV manufacturers. Consequently, the big picture about electric vehicle charging system could be easily seen in this paper.
Anahtar Kelimeler (Keywords): Chargers, electric buses, charging methods, charging standards